Hanumandhoka Durbar is a complex of structures of the royal palaces, quadrangles, towers, temples, monuments, and other sites of the Malla and the Shah dynasty rulers of Kathmandu, Nepal.

Hanumandhoka Durbar gets its name from the stone image of “Hanuman” (a Hindu deity whom the Malla and the Shah rulers believed protected them from their evils and their enemies) located near the palace’s main entrance gate, literally “Dhoka” in Nepali, which was installed by the profound art lover Pratap Malla in 1672.

The old centre of the city, Hanumandhoka, has been a Royal Palace since the beginning. This centrally located Palace has become especially important for ancient rulers ever since the Licchavi Period. The area around the present site of the Hanumandhoka was called "Koligrama" or "Dakshin Rajkula". The earlier name of the city was "Kantipur," city of light or beautiful city during the early medieval period.

Ratna Malla (1482 AD) was the first king of independent Kathmandu, who is the second son of Yaksha Mall, who powerfully ruled over the great "Bhadgaon". However, the Bhasa Vanshavali credit for the founding of Kathmandu goes to King Gunkamdeva. The Hanumandhoka area contains the diverse monuments having outstanding courtyards surrounded by temples, waterspouts, gardens, etc. with closed and open spaces. The palace complex is surrounded by numerous temples of pagoda, sikhara, and dome architectural styles. The palace is rich in both tangible and intangible cultural diversity and has an outstanding historical, archaeological, and religious value. So it was enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. Unique festivals, rituals, sculptures, courtyards, temples, etc. are aspects of living culture and national pride of the country.

Hanumandhoka Palace