The Throne Gallery exhibited two thrones that were used by the Shah monarchy until the abolishment of monarchy in Nepal, which were both among the most valuable displays in the museum altogether . . .
One of the thrones was used during the ceremony to mark the crown prince's ascendance to the throne following the death of a monarch, while the other throne was used during the coronation ceremony.
There are two thrones because, contrary to many people's understanding, accession to the throne and coronation are different ceremonies.
This is because even when a monarch dies, the throne never remains empty. The power vested in the previous monarch automatically gets transferred to the next in line to throne, which in Nepal's case always happened to be the crown prince. This process is known as the crown prince's accession to the throne.
The coronation ceremony is a different ceremony altogether whereby the newly ascended king is crowned and made to take an oath, exercising his sovereign power.
The Arms and Armament Gallery displayed many of the weapons that played a significant role in Nepal's history . . .
Of the most important attractions within this gallery were the weapons used by Late King Prithivi Narayan Shah during his unification campaign.
Likewise, this gallery also displayed the cannon confiscated from the Tibetans during the Nepal-Tibet war.
Additionally, this gallery also housed the guns built by Nepal's pioneer scientist Gehendra Sumsher along with various other rifles built in Nepal and weapons used by various Nepalese army generals.
The west wing of the Nasal Chowk housed the Tribhuvan Memorial Gallery which displayed a collection of items that were used by the Late King Tribhuvan Shah as well as photographs capturing historic political changes that occurred during his rule . . .
One of the most important pictures displayed in this hall was the declaration of Prajatantra in Nepal that occurred in 1950 (B.S. 2007). In addition, the hall also housed many pictures of the Late King's visit to India that helped him overthrow Ranarchy in Nepal.
Likewise, the gallery also housed the clothes that the Late King wore while he made the afore-mentioned declaration of Prajatantra in addition to the dresses that he wore during his coronation and wedding ceremonies.
The second floor of the quadrangle in Lohan Chowk housed the Mahendra Memorial Gallery which housed various items that were used by the Late King Mahendra . . .
Just like the Tribhuvan Memorial Gallery, the Mahendra Memorial Gallery also displayed the various dresses that the Late King Mahendra wore during his various life ceremonies including his naming and rice-feeding ceremonies.
In addition, the gallery also housed the setting of the first historic cabinet meeting after the end of Panchayat Rule which were decorated by lamps that were made up legs from a zebra and a camel, candles that were made up of legs from a deer, and a lighter that was made out of the legs of a zebra.
Finally, the gallery also displayed various poems by famous Nepalese poets such as Siddhicharan Shrestha, Laxmi Prasad Devkota, and Lekhnath Poudel in addition to a poem that was composed by Late King Mahendra himself titled "A Machine."
The first floor of the quadrangle in Lohan Chowk housed the Birendra Memorial Gallery which housed various items that were used by Late King Birendra . . .
As with the other two memorial galleries, the Birendra Memorial Gallery also housed the dresses that were worn by the Late King during various important ceremonies such as his wedding and his coronation in addition to his military costumes.
Of special interest to many viewers were the gifts and souvenirs given to the Late King by Harvard University during the crown's prince study over there.
The gallery also displayed the historic photograph of the declaration of the constitution of Nepal (B.S. 2047).